By William T. Bowers
Many strive against veterans refuse to debate their reports at the line. With the passage of time and the unreliability of reminiscence, it turns into obscure the real nature of warfare. In The Line: wrestle in Korea, January–February 1951, retired military colonel William T. Bowers makes use of firsthand, eyewitness bills of the Korean conflict to provide readers an intimate examine the heroism and horror of the battlefront. those interviews of squaddies at the flooring are rather telling simply because they have been performed by way of military historians instantly following wrestle. referred to as the "forgotten war," the motion in Korea lasted from June 1950 until eventually July 1953 and used to be relatively savage for its opponents. through the first few months of the warfare, American and U.N. squaddies carried out quick advances and hasty withdrawals, dicy amphibious landings and hazardous evacuations, all whereas dealing with severe climatic conditions. In early 1951, the 1st iciness of the conflict, frigid chilly and critical winds advanced strive against operations. As U.N. forces in Korea retreated from an oncoming chinese language and North Korean assault, U.S. commanders feared they might be pressured to withdraw from career and admit to a Communist victory. utilizing interviews and vast ancient examine, The Line analyzes how American troops fought the enemy to a standstill over this pivotal two-month interval, reversing the process the struggle. In early 1951, the struggle had approximately been misplaced, yet via February's finish, there existed the potential for retaining an autonomous South Korea. Bowers compellingly illustrates how a chain of small successes on the regiment, battalion, corporation, platoon, squad, and soldier degrees ensured that the road was once held opposed to the North Korean enemy. The Line is the 1st of 3 volumes detailing wrestle throughout the Korean struggle. each one booklet makes a speciality of the wrestle stories of person infantrymen and junior leaders. Bowers complements our realizing of strive against by means of supplying explanatory research and supplemental info from reliable documents, giving readers an entire photograph of strive against operations during this understudied theatre. via searing firsthand bills and an extreme concentrate on this short yet serious timeframe, The Line bargains new insights into U.S. army operations throughout the 20th century and promises that the sacrifices of those brave infantrymen should not misplaced to background.
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Additional resources for The Line: Combat in Korea, January-February 1951 (Battles and Campaigns)
In early December after the successful Chinese attacks, MacArthur had requested massive reinforcements, without which he might be forced to withdraw to a beachhead around Pusan. After wideranging discussions in Washington of possible options, MacArthur was told that there would be no reinforcements. Policy makers concluded that the priority must be the defense of Western Europe and that the United States could not become engaged in a general war WAR COMES TO KOREA 37 with China that might spread to war with the Soviet Union, one that the United States could not win.
ROK forces manned the critical central corridor through which led the most direct route to Pusan, the port that was necessary not only for the sustainment of UN forces but also for their survival if evacuation became necessary. S. 2d Infantry Division and X Corps, both of which had been mauled and had suffered heavy losses in their retreats from North Korea. General Almond, whose X Corps was now assigned to Eighth Army and was just arriving at Pusan after its evacuation from North Korea, remained alone in his aggressiveness and willingness to engage the enemy.
In the areas of South Korea overrun by the North, the enemy systematically eliminated political enemies and forcibly took South Korean men as sources of labor or as soldiers for the army. Caught in a war zone, sometimes between tactical forces engaged in battle, many civilians became casualties. Other civilians were lost to disease. Initially regarded as a military problem, the refugees soon became a social and medical problem of huge proportions. To General Walker the refugee problem seemed minor compared to the North Korean army, which continued to drive back his forces all along the front and now appeared to be slipping around his southern ﬂank.
The Line: Combat in Korea, January-February 1951 (Battles and Campaigns) by William T. Bowers