By John F. Grabowski
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Extra info for Abraham Lincoln: Civil War President (Famous Figures of the Civil War Era)
Slaves in the Confederate states officially became free. The Emancipation Proclamation changed the entire character of the war. ” 55 Abe Lincoln (right) confers with General Grant (center) and General Sherman aboard the Union steamer River Queen in March 1865. The primary topic of their discussion was the terms of the upcoming peace. 5 Victory and Tragedy T he Emancipation Proclamation did not actually free any slaves. It only applied to slaves in the Confederate states—so it could not be enforced.
Four more states—Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee—were about to do so. In February, the states that seceded from the Union met in Montgomery, Alabama, to form the Confederate States of America. They selected Mississippi native Jefferson Davis as their first president. Davis had been a senator from Mississippi and secretary of war under President Franklin Pierce. Alexander 41 42 ABRAHAM LINCOLN H. Stephens of Georgia was selected as vice president. “Our new government,” said Stephens, “is founded .
They did not want to do away with slavery in the South. They simply did not want it to be allowed to spread to the West. Even though Abe hated slavery, he accepted it as the law of the nation. In 1858, the Republicans nominated Abe to run against Stephen Douglas for a seat in the Senate. While campaigning in Springfield, Abe cautioned that slavery could destroy the nation. “A house divided against itself cannot stand,” warned Abe. ” Abe suggested that the two men meet in a series of debates in the fall of 1858.
Abraham Lincoln: Civil War President (Famous Figures of the Civil War Era) by John F. Grabowski