By Mary Beth Norton, Carol Sheriff, David M. Katzman, David W. Blight, Howard P. Chudacoff
The short variation of A humans AND A state preserves the text's method of American historical past as a narrative of all American humans. identified for a few strengths, together with its well-respected writer crew and interesting narrative, the ebook emphasizes social heritage, giving specific awareness to race and racial identification. Like its full-length counterpart, the short 8th version specializes in tales of daily humans, cultural range, paintings, and pop culture. a brand new layout makes for less complicated studying and note-taking. occasions as much as and together with the election of 2008 are up to date and incorporated, and new bankruptcy has been written on "The Contested West." on hand within the following break up suggestions: A humans AND A state, short 8th version whole (Chapters 1-33), ISBN: 0547175582; quantity I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 0547175590; quantity II: because 1865 (Chapters 16-33), ISBN: 0547175604.
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Extra info for A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 2: Since 1865, 8th Brief Edition
Hence, the South’s Republican Party condemned itself to defeat if white voters would not cooperate. Within a few years most ﬂedgling Republican parties in the southern states would be struggling for survival against violent white hostility. Reconstruction governments promoted industry via loans, subsidies, and short-term exemptions from taxation. The southern railroad system was rebuilt and expanded, and coal and iron mining made possible Birmingham’s steel plants. Between 1860 and 1880, the number of manufacturing establishments in the South nearly doubled.
Government eventually sold thousands of acres in the Sea Islands, 90 percent of which went to wealthy northern investors. Most members of both political parties opposed land redistribution to the freed men. Even northern reformers who administered the Sea Islands during the war showed little sympathy for black aspirations. The former Sea Island slaves wanted to establish small, self-sufﬁcient farms. Northern soldiers, ofﬁcials, and missionaries of both races brought education and aid to the freed men but also insisted that they grow cotton.
Of the ﬁve sections of the Fourteenth Amendment, the ﬁrst would have the greatest legal signiﬁcance. It conferred citizenship on “all persons born or naturalized in the United States” and prohibited states from abridging their constitutional “privileges and immunities” (see the appendix for the Constitution and all amendments). ” These phrases have become powerful guarantees of African Americans’ civil rights and the rights of all citizens, except Indians, who were not granted citizenship rights until 1924.
A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 2: Since 1865, 8th Brief Edition by Mary Beth Norton, Carol Sheriff, David M. Katzman, David W. Blight, Howard P. Chudacoff