By Frank B. Golley
The atmosphere concept-the concept that wildlife engage with the surroundings to shape an ecological complex-has lengthy been crucial to the general public notion of ecology and to expanding wisdom of environmental degradation. during this booklet an eminent ecologist explains the atmosphere proposal, tracing its evolution, describing how various American and ecu researchers contributed to its evolution, and discussing the explosive development of environment reviews. Golley surveys the improvement of the environment inspiration within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries and discusses the coining of the time period environment by way of the English ecologist Sir Arthur George Tansley in 1935. He then stories how the yank ecologist Raymond Lindeman utilized the concept that to a small lake in Minnesota and confirmed how the biota and the surroundings of the lake interacted during the alternate of strength. Golley describes how a seminal textbook on ecology written by way of Eugene P. Odum helped to popularize the atmosphere thought and the way a variety of different scientists investigated its ideas and released their effects. He relates how environment experiences ruled ecology within the Nineteen Sixties and have become a key component to the overseas organic software biome stories within the United States-a software aimed toward "the betterment of mankind" in particular via conservation, human genetics, and enhancements within the use of common assets; how a research of watershed ecosystems in Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, blazed new paths in surroundings learn by way of defining the bounds of the approach in a traditional method; and the way present learn makes use of the environment suggestion. all through Golley exhibits how the atmosphere idea has been formed the world over by way of either advancements in different disciplines and by way of personalities and politics.
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Extra resources for A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology: More than the Sum of the Parts
V . dose u r i n a r y recovery was o n l y 85% ( 4 5 1 , suggesting t h a t b i l i a r y e x c r e t i o n represents a secondary r o u t e o f e l i m i n a t i o n o f acetohexamide and/or i t s metabolites. However, more data are needed t o confirm the occurrence o f b l l i a r y excretion. 8 Half-Life F o l l o w i n g o r a l a d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f 14C-labeled acetohexamide t o human subjects, a mean blood h a l f - l i f e o f t h e drug o f 1 . 6 hours was determined, using isotope d i l u t i o n a n a l y s i s , w i t h a range o f 0 .
Pharm. , 6. K. Kuroda, T. Yokoyama, T. Umeda and V. Chem. Pharm. , 26, 2565 (1978). 7. A. 8. W. Mueller and M. 77 (1979). 9. W. Burger, Sci. , s, 207 Takagishi, (1978). Lagas, Pharm. Weekbl. Sci. , Mueller and M. Lagas, u,1, 449 1, (1979). 10. T. Yokoyama, T . Umeda, K. Kuroda, K. S a t 0 and V. Takagishi, Chem. Pharm. , 27, 1476 (1979). 11. E . G r a f , C. Beyer and 0. , 5 , 9 (1979). 12. E. Graf, C. Beyer and 0. Abdallah, @id 28, , 73 (1982). 13. E. Graf, C. (1982). Beyer and 0. A b d a l l a h , ibid, 14.
6. K. Kuroda, T. Yokoyama, T. Umeda and V. Chem. Pharm. , 26, 2565 (1978). 7. A. 8. W. Mueller and M. 77 (1979). 9. W. Burger, Sci. , s, 207 Takagishi, (1978). Lagas, Pharm. Weekbl. Sci. , Mueller and M. Lagas, u,1, 449 1, (1979). 10. T. Yokoyama, T . Umeda, K. Kuroda, K. S a t 0 and V. Takagishi, Chem. Pharm. , 27, 1476 (1979). 11. E . G r a f , C. Beyer and 0. , 5 , 9 (1979). 12. E. Graf, C. Beyer and 0. Abdallah, @id 28, , 73 (1982). 13. E. Graf, C. (1982). Beyer and 0. A b d a l l a h , ibid, 14.
A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology: More than the Sum of the Parts by Frank B. Golley