New PDF release: A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology

By Wim Zonneveld

ISBN-10: 311013148X

ISBN-13: 9783110131482

The structure of the human language college has been one of many major foci of the linguistic examine of the final part century. This department of linguistics, extensively referred to as Generative Grammar, is anxious with the formula of explanatory formal bills of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior target of gaining perception into the homes of the 'language organ'. The sequence includes prime quality monographs and picked up volumes that deal with such matters. the subjects during this sequence variety from phonology to semantics, from syntax to details constitution, from mathematical linguistics to experiences of the lexicon.

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Extra info for A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology

Example text

Men kan zieh dit denken na palatale vocaal .... Na velare vocalen echter is zulk een j[ als overgangsklank vreemd. Het is niet in te zien, waarom tussen de a en ^ van raden na syncope van d de tong de ^-stand in zou nemen, die niet tussen die van a en ^ inligt, integendeel een heel andere, - 18 - geheel afwijkende beweging met het voorgedeelte der tong vereist. Welke overgangsklank tussen a en e_ we"! te verwachten is, is niet zo makkelijk a priori te zeggen. Bij a ligt de tong ongeveer in ruststand, en de articulatie van g_ is te weinig nauwkeurig, dan dat de glide tussen die beide distinct zou worden.

Dutch has a set of so-called *heterorganic diphthongs*, which consist of a *long first element*, and a heterorganic »gliding second element*: -j[ after back vowels, -w after front ones. It is, according to Barnouw, the coercion of the former type which has given rise to the introduction of j_ after back vowels after the syncope of d. It becomes a rightful question immediately, of course, why then -w does not show up after front vowels after d-syncope. The answer is that the respective frequencies of the two subclasses of »heterorganic diphthongs* are highly skewed, the former type being much more frequent that the latter.

On the issue of the source of j^ Van Haeringen reiterates his position of 1926. He does the same even more forcefully in a contribution to the recent Van Loey Pestschrift (1975), in an extensive review of Barnouw»s 1942 paper. This sequence of papers, beginning and ending, significantly, with Van Haeringen, comprises half a century of work on intervocalic <1 as such, within more traditional (pre-generative) approaches to the study of language. Outside these papers many contemporary grammars and handbooks of Dutch also contain a brief section on the subject.

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A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology by Wim Zonneveld

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